For the concept that these culturale ideas may onday free themselves from our us and begin to move away there may be a chance that something along the lines of this happens. While these ideas will most likely never be able to leave the realm of inside of intelligence due to the nature of them there is a possible that we, as humans may lose control over them. As our technological understanding increases and we get closer and closer to creating true artificial intelligence these ideas will eventually transfer to this other intelligence. This would result in us losing our monopoly over the environment that is these memes and result in us not being the sole dictators of how we wish to shape them. In communities that are completely separated from us human beings, we might see ideas arise that we are unable to comprehend as humans. In this sense I believe that these cultural ideas might be able to free themselves from us however due to the nature of their existence they will always be bound to the ecosystem that is inside some form of intelligence.
You are here
These Cultural ideas however are very vulnerable to being exploited by us for our own desires. While these ideas can have unintended consequences that cause them to have a major increase in replication such as the tide pods example, humans can also purposefully artificially craft memes to help spread an idea. In the “can we weaponize memes?” video its takes a very literal and humorous interpretation on how memes could be used as a weapon against a group of people, however these ideas today are already used in this way today due to shaping from human influence. The culturals ideas are commonly used in politics to express and spread one sides political agenda in absence of true data or facts or can seek to belittle or insult people who believe in the opposing view. This purposeful shaping of memes can lead to further decisiveness in ideological views and result in people ignoring alternate points of views due to repeat exposure to the same message and repeat degradation of the other messages.
It is very possible that our cultural ideas are using us to try and survive as best as possible in the ecosystem that is our minds. These cultural idea possess many different qualities that we can parallel to the real world with how life has evolved over time. As stated in the “Ecology of memes” article, these cultural ideas vary in a large number of different traits that can lead to different forms of how they replicate themselves and change overtime. Some examples of things these ideas can differ in for different replication effects would be in Adaptability, ability to assimilate other ideas, the ability be a parasite off of other idea or work together with other ideas in symbiosis. We see these strategies and many more used in cultural ideas trying to survive also long as possible. This use of these strategies to attempt to remain relevant in the minds of humans for as long as possible could be compared to the fact the these cultural ideas might be exploiting us for their own reproductive success. one examples showing directly negative effects from this exploitation would be from the tide pod video. This IDea went around at the expense of the health for many individuals but as a result I became a huge and widely known idea. Even now, while the trend has died off a lot this idea still sits in the back of our mind due to the effects it has on some individuals in our community.
After acquiring our materials, we will check the local orchards in our area to see if we are able to get permission to obtain the samples. Once we have confirmation that the samples can be taken we have to arrange transportation. Of the 9 locations 3 of them, Kielbasa orchards, South Hadley farm and sentinel farm are accessible via the public bus system while the other 5 require a Car to reach. The exception to this is the sample taken from Orchard hill which is on campus and easily able to be accessed. If there is a lack of ability for us to transport to these locations then one possible alternative would be looking into borrowing the vans from the biology department.
Once we have reached our target area we will begin taking the soil samples. The location that the samples will be taken from will be determined using a z formation taking a sample from each corner of the orchard and one from the center for a total of 5 samples per area. Using the either the soil auger or a hand trowel we will dig out our soil. The samples should be from around 6 inches deep and should be approximately ( X ) in size. We will collect these samples in one bag per area resulting in a rough average sample of the soil composition for the area.
In the event that a retrovirus is killing domestic dogs and we are only able to save one breed, the breed of dog that we should save should be the breed that provides the most utility benefit to us humans. Currently domestic dogs provide us with a lot more than just being house pets and have roles that can greatly effect human lives. Dogs can directly help us with public services us as the Fire department, and search and rescue which directly help save the lives of humans. They also help in many services that help indirectly save human live including working with the police to help catch criminals and with the military. Dogs are also used to help people with medical problems and also help save their lives such as Guide or hearing dogs, and Dogs that alert to seizures. These services that dogs provide for use have an immense benefit on our lives.
The dog breed I choose to save was the German Shepherd. In order to maximize on the benefit we receive from our relationship with dogs I choose a breed of dog that is able to preform a variety of different services. This results in use losing as little of these life saving services as possible when we lose the rest of the dog population. German Shepherds are currently found in use for a variety of different services includes in the Police, Military, use in search and rescue, Use as Guide and hearing dogs and Use a seizure alert dogs. Compared to other breeds I researched the German shepherd was the breed commonly used in the broadest numbers of different services. This broad range of services provided allows for us to keep saving as many lives as possible with the rest of the dog species dying. On top of all the lives saved by picking the German Shepherds to save, they still make great house pets so dog loving home owners won't have to sacrifice the ability to have a dog in their family in order to keep these services active.
In the event that a retrovirus is killing domestic dogs and we are only able to save one breed, the breed of dog that we should save would be German shepherds. The main reason I believe we should save this breed over the others is due to its variety in use to as service dogs for human. Unlike many other breeds of dogs, German Shepherds are used in many different services unlike some other species which are more specialized to 1 or 2 particular focus. Some of the uses of German shepherds include use in the military, police, search and rescue, and guide dogs. These services provided very important to our lives and with the loss of these with the loss of the domestic dog population could result in many human lives lost for a multitude of different reasons. For this reason, since German Shepherds are able, and currently used, for all of these vital services they should be the breed of Dogs we choose to save.
The main point i think to take out of this is to not be too focused on what people exactly are labeling as life or not and instead focus on the actual content of the definitions. While I took my approach more broad, one could easily do the opposite with their definition of life and take a narrower approach, as long as we are able to explain what we are talking about. If we find some form of self replicating anything on another planet, it doesn't matter if one definition includes it as life and another excludes it it doesn't change the significance of the discovery and similarly just because something could self replicate and I labeled it as life, doesn't mean it somehow contains all of the qualities that we would find the classical definition of life in biology. In the Video example wit ht he Star Trek cyborg, assuming that they don't self replicate, it wouldn't fall under the definition of life that I proposed. However this would have no influence on the decision on weather it would receive human rights or not since my definition of life has no bearing on intelligence/consciousness/ any other factor that I would argue would be required for rights. As long we are careful to clearly define what we are talking about it doesn't really matter where we draw the line for what we consider life or not.
After reading these articles my stance on the problem of what we consider life is that we can consider all things that are able to self replicate as a form of life. When we are discussing life the main feature that people look for is the aspect of self replication. This aspect of life is found as too broad and includes things that people would be hesitant to call life. In the "Life is..." paper Carl Woese starts with the concept that life is just "an entity that can make a copy of itself from parts which are far simpler than itself" however later in the interview he goes back on this and questions this when the concept of a robots that could replicate is introduced. This hesitation makes sense since there is a numerous amount of vast differences between human made robot "life" and the life we know from studying our biology. This hesitation however is just from a naming perspective, classifying two things that are so different under the same umbrella. The question is where we decide to place this Umbrella of the term life for what and that determines what will fall under it and it has changed many times over the course of history as we learn more and more about how our world works. As brought up in the "Why life doesn't not really exist" the author points out the fact the living beings are also just a machine, just a much more complex one and therefore life does not actually exist. However there is a distinction between the human machinery that we have created and the "life" we currently observe and that is the ability for self replication which I why i used it for my cut off point for my definition of life.
One thing I remember from Statistics was two different tests for determining if the error in our data was significantly different of if the difference was due to random chance. The two tests I remembered where the z test and Chi squared the latter of which I have seen used in many of my classes this semester. I also remember that tested for statistical significance for the hypothesis of the experiment was the main goal, not necessarily to say this is 100% true. In General as a rule of thumb the number usually used for if we could confirm our hypothesis was statistically confirmed was 95%. For most of our tests we were looking for a P value of less than 5% to confirm that our data was significant. Some terms I remember from this this class was H0 was used for the null hypothesis, Mu was used for the mean population, and Ha was used for an alternative hypothesis.