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Ecology - Data interpretation

Submitted by mpetracchi on Mon, 09/23/2019 - 00:19

Based on the temperature - precipitation graph collected in this location I interpret the biome to be most similar to a desert. The probe's measurements report the average annual temperature to be 28.1 °C ranging from 26 °C - 30 °C monthly and the annual precipitation to be 27.8 cm ranging between 2.0 cm - 2.5 cm monthly. Both temp. And precip. show little change throughout the year. My reasoning for this classification has to do with the major drought present year-round. I can infer this because the temperature is consistently higher than the precipitation, which is low and therefore produces a drought. These key factor set a desert apart from all the other biomes. Also, a classic desert on earth would typically experience a large temperature difference from 10 °C - 30+ °C during the year and on average less than a centimeter of rain every month. Although this new biome may seem different, when plotted on the triangle graph containing all 9 biomes, it still falls under the desert section.

     A desert classification narrows the possible latitude and plants of this biome. On earth, deserts are normally found near the 30 ° North and South latitudes from the equator. Assuming the planet is similar to earth the location of this biome should be near or on this coordinate. With little to no water and intense heat, the types of plants that could survive in this environment must be specialized to retain water. Therefore, plants found here are likely succulents, such as cacti and desert shrubs. These plants are able to live off of little water due to their water storage abilities and withstand heat. Succulents on earth are accustomed to hot/cold seasonal shifts and even lesser rain, so the plants found in this biome may have evolutionary differences when compared to earths’ plants. They may transpire more in order to deal with the constant high temperatures throughout the year.