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Toxicology/Overdose EMT Assignment

Submitted by cberg on Sun, 10/22/2017 - 20:06

I believe it is vital to expose children to drug education at a young age. If children are made aware of the risks of using drugs recreationally before they are ever in situations of drug use, they may be more likely to resist giving into the influence. One educational experience that had a large influence on me personally was in my high school health class. Recovered drug addicts from a local spectrum home came to our class to tell us their stories about the path of their addiction and the horrible life-changing detrimental effects of the drugs. The stories were moving and emotionally impacted all the students in the class. It was eye-opening to hear about how recreational use lead to addiction so quickly and uncontrollably. In my opinion, programs such as these would offer a potential solution to the toxicological abuse epidemic.

            Another program I have heard about is schools taking their students on trips to local prisons to listen to inmates speak of their drug history. Such programs give students first-hand exposure to the legal consequences of being involved with drugs. Many inmates have lengthy or life-long sentences because of their drug involvement, and hearing them personally speak about their situations would likely deter children from making the same risky decisions. I believe that both of these types of programs would be beneficial to involve children with from a young age. In addition to starting from a young age I think it would be a good idea to make the programs a somewhat consistent part of health education. Rather than only attending such events one time, I think it would make more of an impact if it were an annual event where students listened to different speakers and different stories each time. In this manner, the consequences may become more real and relevant to the students, and the emotions and reality of the risks of drugs would stick with them for longer. 

Baltigo

Submitted by cberg on Fri, 10/20/2017 - 15:20

Figure 1. Hours of Sleep and Study vs GPA of Students on Baltigo. Based on the raw data, outliers were deleted to create the graphs shown. Four deleted outliers include 23 hours of study, "0" for gender, 5.43 GPA, and 94 hours of sleep. Without these outliers in our data, the lines on the scatter plots show trends relating the GPA, hours of studying per week, hours of sleep per week, and gender. The data shows that for males, GPA generally remains the same while hours of sleep increases, while a positive correlation is shown in the GPA of females as hours of sleep per week increases. For females, as hours studied per week increases, GPA decreases. For males, as hours studied per week increases, GPA also increases. For females, as hours studied per week increases, hours slept per week decreases. For males, as hours studied per week increases, hours slept per week decreases.

Planarian Research Proposal Idea

Submitted by cberg on Thu, 10/19/2017 - 10:53

In the Chen and Xu experiment, the scientists were exploring protein expression in head fragments during regeneration after planarian heads were amputated. As treatment, the planarian heads were amputated and then regeneration was observed over different periods of time; 6, 12, 24, 72, 120, and 168 hours. At each time point, the head fragments that had regrown were again amputated and collected in order to explore the differing expression of proteins throughout the regeneration process.

In the Planarian Drug Research done by Jennifer Navarrete, Azion Hyman, and Ashaunti Hyman, the planarians were exposed to different environments; spring water, sucrose, two concentrations of caffeine, and monster energy drink. The prediction of the experiment was that exposure to extreme amounts of sugar would affect the movement of the planarians in comparison to their motility in the water environment.

For our planarian research proposal, we thought it would be interesting to combine ideas from each of these studies. For this class, it is infeasible to propose any sort of protein expression analysis during regeneration. However, we propose the idea of observational changes in planarian head regeneration over time in different environments. By exposing the planarians to different environments such as the ones mentioned in the second experiment, we believe it would be interesting to observe whether the environment would effect the rate and ability of the planarian head to regenerate itself after amputation.

 

 

Chen, X. & Xu, C. Dev Genes Evol (2015) 225: 79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00427-015-0494-3

 

Planarian Drug Research Powerpoint:

http://bridgingthegapnc.com/previous/2015/downloads/presentations/the-planarian-perspective-what-flatworms-can-teach-us-about-drugs.pdf

Super Nanny Phenomenon Essay Paragraph

Submitted by cberg on Thu, 10/19/2017 - 09:55

Based on these observations of the disconnect in parenting styles, my prediction was that Nanny Stella would approach the situation by trying to find a middle ground between the parenting types. Whereas the father displayed an extreme case of authoritative parenting, the mother displayed an extreme case of indulgent parenting. As learned in class, this meant that the father’s parenting style involved rigidness, obedience, and punishment, while the mother’s parenting style involved lenience, blurred rules, and no guidelines. I found this to be very interesting because of the article Global Parenting Habits that Haven’t Caught on in the U.S, which we were assigned to read for class. This article gave examples to “show us just how varied parenting styles can be.” The article is written in reference to differences in parenting styles across the world and different cultures. However, recalling this idea and being able to apply it to just one family was an interesting view of the concept. The fact that parenting styles were so hugely varied within one American family emphasized the extent to which parenting styles must vary from culture to culture. Therefore, watching this episode made the point of the article stand out to me even further than it did that first time I read it. 

Super Nanny Phenomenon Essay Paragraph

Submitted by cberg on Wed, 10/18/2017 - 23:42

Nanny Stella’s plan of action began with the mother. I found the nanny’s approach here to be very similar to Gordon Neufeld’s theory that is discussed in The Collapse of Parenting article which was also read for class. As Neufeld stated, “parents in North America have become prone to asking their children rather than telling them. It’s natural. Intuitively, we know that if we’re coercive, we’re going to get resistance.” He theorizes that when we take this approach we trigger an innate psychological response in our children where they don’t feel taken care of and they began to take the alpha role as a result. This idea is similar to what Nanny Stella kept reassuring the mother of throughout the episode. When the mother would begin to punish her children and then receive a negative reaction like tears or screaming, she would retreat and begin to use a passive nurturing voice to ask the children to calm down. The nanny continuously attempted to make the point that if the mother always gave into the children she would allow them to remain in charge and she would make no progress as a result. She also pushed the belief that the mother should refrain from politely requesting anything from the children, and that it was absolutely unnecessary to validate her actions to a three year old child. These points made by the nanny kept reminding me of Neufeld’s point that it is important to hold a position of respect and authority over our children, and that children will take advantage of signs that show a parent is submissive, such as requests or lack of rules. 

Creatine Lab Discussion

Submitted by cberg on Mon, 10/16/2017 - 19:59

In summary, the data gathered from this experiment is not a conclusive indication of the effect of creatine supplementation on the smooth muscle of the common blue mussel. Although the trials with creatine supplementation did show a greater force of muscle contraction than the control trial without supplementation, there was no proportional trend between amount of supplementation and force of muscle contraction. There were also not enough trials conducted to conclusively determine that the increase seen in the experimental trials was due to the supplementation. The trend could be related to a third factor, and it would be necessary to run additional trials before being able to confidently conclude that creatine supplementation does indeed cause this trend. In terms of duration of contraction, no observable trend was found between creatine supplementation and the duration of muscle contraction. To better test the duration of muscle contraction in future experiments we would consider maintaining the muscle at a constant stimulus at multiple frequencies. This would allow exploration of whether the creatine supplementation allows the muscle to contract for longer periods of time without fatiguing. It would also be necessary to increase the sample size and run additional trials in an experiment which was allotted a greater period of time.

In experimental creatine trials on humans, supplementation with creatine occurs over extended periods of time. In order to build muscle through supplementation, people continuously take creatine before workouts. Therefore, a future experiment could include exposing the mussel to creatine for a longer period of time, possibly days or weeks, to see if longer exposure time would allow the muscle to use the creatine more efficiently. Until such experiments are conducted, there can be no definitively stated relationship between creatine supplementation and smooth muscle contraction. 

Super Nanny Phenomenon Essay Intro

Submitted by cberg on Mon, 10/16/2017 - 11:06

In episode seven of the first season of Nanny 911, Nanny Stella is assigned to spend a week in the Lorimor household. The Lorimor family is made up of a father who is a marine, a mother who is an ex-nanny, a three year old son named Theron, and a four year old daughter named Seersha. Theron and Seersha are unacceptably physical and violent towards each other and towards their parents; often exhibiting behaviors such as hitting, punching, slapping, and grabbing each other’s faces, biting each other, and pushing each other over. They have no regard for orders or requests that come from their parents, and often respond with “NO!” when told what to do. In addition to lacking respect for their authority figures, the children have no respect for people outside of the family, or for public places. Their mother is hardly able to take Theron and Seersha into public because she quickly loses control over them, and finds them engaging in unacceptable behaviors such as throwing items off of shelves into the isles of stores. In addition to being physically violent, out of control, and refusing to listen to their parents, the children refuse to go to bed at night without their sippy cups and pacifiers. The parents feel as though the children are too old to rely on these items, but have been unsuccessful in every attempt to ween the children off of them. At even the suggestion of sleeping without pacifiers for a night, the children throw uncontrollable temper tantrums. In summary, the parents of these two children have great difficulty controlling their kids on a daily basis. After years of unsuccessfully attempting to improve the family environment of their household, they have finally resorted to reaching out for help. Although doubtful, they believe that assistance from a professional nanny is their best chance at improving their children’s behavior.

Abstract

Submitted by cberg on Thu, 10/12/2017 - 18:38

This project was conducted as an attempt to create a multi-panel figure while writing a methods section that would allow a second student to recreate the multi-panel figure. The findings of the project were that the written methods were not sufficient for use of replication of the original figure. Differences between the original images and the replicated images showed disconnect between the methods that were used to create each multi-panel figure. In future attempts at writing scientific methods sections, more specific and direct details must be used. The findings also show that while following another scientist’s methods, it is vital to carefully go through each step of the written procedure. If steps are missed or overlooked the outcome of the replication attempt may be different than the outcome of the original experiment. This type of difference may cause a false rejection of another scientist’s work.

Human Development Essay Paragraph

Submitted by cberg on Thu, 10/12/2017 - 17:35

Based on these observations of the disconnect in parenting styles, my prediction was that Nanny Stella would approach the situation by trying to find a middle ground between the parenting types. Whereas the father displayed an extreme case of authoritative parenting, the mother displayed an extreme case of indulgent parenting. As learned in class, this meant that the father’s parenting style involved rigidness, obedience, and punishment, while the mother’s parenting style involved lenience, blurred rules, and no guidelines. I found this to be very interesting because of the article Global Parenting Habits that Haven’t Caught on in the U.S. This article gives examples to “show us just how varied parenting styles can be.” However, the article is written in reference to differences in parenting styles across the world and different cultures. Recalling this idea and being able to apply it to varied parenting styles within one family was therefore an interesting concept. 

second draft of intro second paragraph

Submitted by cberg on Tue, 10/10/2017 - 21:24

I chose to complete this project using the coreopsis plant. The common name for this plant is the tickseed, and it is native to North America. It is an appealing garden plant because of its bright yellow and red flowers which attract various species of butterfly. I decided to use the tickseed because it has a long blooming season. The tickseed flowers from spring until late summer. I wanted to use a flowering plant for my photographs, but didn’t want to risk selecting a plant that could lose its flowers before another student had a chance to attempt replicating my images. The tickseed was also a convenient plant to use for my project because the garden that it was planted in was right near my house while still being on the UMass campus. I decided it would also be a good idea to use a plant from that garden because the garden was near a parking lot that could serve as a landmark to make it easy for another student to find. UMass parking lot maps are easily accessible online, so I decided that directing a student to the garden would be easy to do if I used a mapped destination (lot 68) as a starting point.

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