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Legion of Night, Index
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References to illustrations are in italic; those to species accounts are in boldface. 
abbreviatella, 7:3, 61 
aberration, 104, 109-13, 199 
achromatic hindwings, 175, 179 
Adalia bipunctata, 156 
Adams, M. S., 62, 115, 157 
adoptiva, 9 
"adriana," 66; B&Mc 7:19
advertisements, 108
"agatha", 5:6 , 55, 152; B&Mc iv:7 
age, 33, 149, 150 
Agricola, D., xi 
agrippina, 4, 2:9, 47, 104, 111; B&Mc 1:1, 1:2, 1.3, 1.4, 1:5, 1:6
"aholah," 8, 72; H 35:2; B&Mc 10:7 
air pollution, 153, 157 
alabamae, 7:10, 70; H 32:15; B&Mc 9:17 
"albida," 56; B&Mc 3:8 
"albomarginata," 4 
Alcock, J., 147 
Alexander, R. D., 133 
Allan, P. B. M., 83, 95, 107 
amasia, 73; H 35:1
amatrix, 3, 6:3, 6:6, 6:8, 59, 88, 89, 98, 114, 115, 128, 149, 152, 177, 186, 190, 191, 193, 196; H 32:12; 32:13; B&Mc 3:11, 3:12 
amestris, 9, 7:4, 61 ; B&Mc 8:17 ,  8:18 
amica, 8:22, 8:23, 8:24, 8:25, 75, 88, 98, 100, 122, 124, 128, 149, 177, 188, 190, 192, 194; H 32:16, 32:19, 32:20; B&Mc 8:20, 9:11, 9:12, 9:13, 9:14, 9:15
am line, 35, 199 
anal dash, 35 
andromedae, 4, 7:21, 42, 64, 88, 90, 98, 128, 135, 177, 187, 190, 192, 193, 195; H 32:3; B&Mc 1:18 
angusi, 2:5, 2:6, 45, 78; H 31:11; B&Mc 2:13, 2:14, 2:15, 2:16 
anna, 9 
"annida," 3:9, 51; B&Mc 6:20 
anomaly, 149, 161,173-75, 179, 199 
antihybridization device. See isolating mechanism 
antinympha, 19:7, 39, 88, 98, 123, 124, 128, 131, 136, 143, 144, 145, 170, 177, 183, 189, 191, 193, 197; H 32:8; B&Mc 7:15 
apostatic selection, 150, 175, 199 
Arnhold, F. R., 20, 22, 30, 195 
arousal, 149 
"atala," 5:10, 57 
"atarah," 74; B&Mc 9:27
"aurella," 54
babyaga, 4
Bache fund, xi
background selections, 143-45, 153, 156
badia, 1:6, 40, 97, 98, 101, 177, 193; H 32:10; B&Mc 7:16 
Bailey, J. S., 95, 137 
bait trap, 91
Barnes, W., ix, 10, 30, 34, 41, 46, 62, 151 
basal dash, 35
"basalis," 8, 2-1, 41; H 33:12
Bauer, J., xi, 20, 22, 30, 32, 36, 63 
Bay Underwing. See badia 
beak-damage classification, 165-67
beak-marks, 162-75, 164, 166, 168, 170, 171, 172, 174, 178 
"beaniana",  55; B&Mc 8:23
Beloved Underwing. See ilia 
Bertoni, M. S., 62, 115 
Berube, D. E., xi
Betrothed, The. See innubens 
Beutenmuller, W., 10, 152
"bianca," 54; H 32:7(redo) 
Birch, M., 129, 131 
Bishop, J. A., 157 
Biston betularia, 153, 157 
Biston cognataria, 156, 157 
blandula, 8:3, 8:6, 68, 88, 90, 98, 128, 131, 135, 139, 177, 187, 190, 192, 194; B&Mc 10:1 
Blest, A.D., 161,162 
blue jay, 163, 169 
Bossert, W. H., 133 
Bride, The. See neogama
briseis, 4, 5:7, 5:8, 56, 98, 177, 191, 193; H 32:4; H 35:12; B&Mc 3:5, 3:6, 3:8 
Bronze Underwing. See cara
Brower, A. E., xi, 10, 36, 48, 58, 73, 78, 137, 150 
"broweri," 8:17, 73, 152 
Brower, L. P., xi, 133 
"bunkeri," 54, 5-4, 196 
Bunker, R., 143 
cara, 3, 6:2, 58, 78, 88, 89, 98, 5-6C, 115, 128, 138, 177, 186, 190, 191, 193, 196; H 32:9; B&Mc 3:9, 3:10 
"carissima," 58, 78; B&Mc 3:10 
Carlyle, T., 95
Carnegie Museum, xi, 20, 22, 26, 30, 32, 153, 197, 199 
carolina, 45; H 32:5
Carpenter, G. D. H., 163 
carrion crow, 148 
Cassino, S. E., 152 
catbird, 167
"celia," 7,  6:11, 66, 92, 158; H 33:2B&Mc 7:18
cerogama, 5:1, 5:2, 54, 88, 89, 98, 5-4, 127, 128, 133, 152, 7-5, 177, 185, 189, 191, 193, 196, 197; H 34:6B&Mc 6:1 
Chance, M. R. A., 149 
Charadra deridens, 157 
"chiquita," 65 
chromatic hindwings, 175 
"cinerea," 7:14, 63 
"circe," 65; B&Mc 3:17
"clara," 16, 4:9, 54, 131, 195, 196; H 32:6; B&Mc 1:11 
Clarke, B., 150
Clausen, L., 3
Clench, H. K., xi, 7, 199
cleopatra, 4
clintoni, 7:5, 71; B&Mc 7:14
Clouded Underwing. See nebulosa
coccinata, 8, 6:7, 65, 88, 89, 98, 128, 177, 187, 190, 192, 193; H 34:10; B&Mc 3:16; 3:17; 3:18
Cockayne, E. A., 127
coelebs, 3, 1:5, 40; H 32:18; B&Mc 7:8
collecting, 116-17
Collonette, C. L., 162
Color-marking, 137-39, 150
Competition, 77, 133-37
concumbens, 3, 6:5, 59, 88, 90, 98, 101, 102, 104, 111, 128, 149, 171, 172, 177, 186, 190, 191, 193, 197, 198; H 35:10; B&Mc 3:15
"confusa," 53; B&Mc 6:5
connubialis, 8:5, 8:8, 8:11, 8:14, 8:17, 73, 79, 88, 98, 100, 152, 156, 177, 188, 190, 192; H 35:1; B&Mc 9:19, 9:21 
Conservation, 109, 116
Conservatism, 147--48, 181
consors, 3, 1:13, 1:15, 38; H 34:3; B&Mc 7:7
Consort, The. See consors 
"conspicua," 4, 10, 4:6,   53; H 34:17; B&Mc 6:7
"constans," 69, 5-3, 196; B&Mc 10:10
Coppinger, R. P., 148, 150, 161, 173
Copulation, 130, 131 
"cordelia," 7, 8:8, 73; B&Mc 9:19
Cott, H. B., 161, 162
Covell, C. V., Jr., xi
crataegi, 8:1, 66, 67, 88, 98, 128, 135, 177, 187, 190, 192, 194, 196; H 34:12; B&Mc 10:5
Creed, E. R., 157
Crested flycatcher, 167
Cross, E. W., 143
Croze, H. J., 147, 148 
"currata," 8
"curvifascia" 8:25, 75; H 32:19; B&Mc 9:13 
Danaus plexippus, 121 
Darling Underwing. See Cara Dean, F. R., 116 
deflective pattern, 161-62, 167, 169, 173
dejecta, 3, 3:3, 2-4G, 49, 78, 88, 89, 98, 127, 128, 131, 134, 135, 136, 171,177, 184, 189, 191,193, 195, 197; H 32:1; B&Mc 2:8 
Dejected Underwing. See dejecta 
delilah, 4, 9, 7:1, 60; H 32:4; B&Mc 6:13; 6:14 
"denussa," 23, 41, 51, 152 
"depressans," 41, 104, 113 
"desdomona," 60; B&Mc 6:14 
Dethier, V. G., 96 
"diantha," 59 
"dionyza," 37; B&Mc 6:3 
Dirig, R., xi 
dispersal, 138, 150 
"distincta," 70 
diversity, 100, 175-76 
Doll, J., 20, 196 
Dominick, R. B., xi, 30, 36 
Downes, J. A., 84 
Downey, J. C., 195
Driver, P.M., 149, 150, 161, 173 
Duckett, J. G., 157 
dulciola, 7:1, 71; B&Mc 9:31 
"edna," 45; B&Mc 2:14 
Edwards, D. K., 89 
Edwards, H., 7 
Edwards, W. H., 5, 7 
egg, 118, 121, 125 
Ehrman, G. A., 152 
"eliza," 54 
Ely, C. R., 78 
"engelhardti," 62, 152 
epione, 1:11, 38, 42, 88, 90, 98, 128, 131, 149, 171, 177, 178, 183, 189, 191, 193, 195, 197, 198; H 31:3; B&Mc 1:16 
Ermine Underwing. See sappho 
escape behaviors, 149, 167-69 
Essig, E. O., 5 
Etkin, W., 151 
"eureka," 72 
"evelina," 16, 51, 195; H 31:9; B&Mc 2:3 
experimental apparatus, 145
experimental tests, 39, 54, 66, 139, 143-45, 156 
eye-marks, 162, 163
Fairbairn, D., xi
Ferguson, D.C., xi, 18, 26, 28, 30, 32, 36, 52, 79, 203 
flash coloration, 161
"flavidalis," 37
flebilis, 3, 2:8, 45, 88, 89, 98, 135, 171, 177, 184, 189, 191, 193, 197; H 32:5; B&Mc 2:12 
"fletcheri," B&Mc i:19, 55, 111 
foodplants, 34, 97, 99, 133-34, 178, 179, 180 
"forbesi," 5:12, 56, 152
Forbes, W. T. M., 10, 51, 52, 65 
Ford, E. B., 109, 153, 157, 161 
Forsaken Underwing. See relicta 
Foulks, O. D., 78 
founder principle, 79, 200 
Franclemont, J. G., 26, 36, 152
fratercula, 74; H 35:4
fraxini, 84, 107, 127
French, G. H., 150 
frenulum, 36, 200 
Froemel, E. A., 26, 30 
Gaston, L. K., 129, 136 
genetic drift, 79, 200 
genetics, 131, 153 
gerhardi, 6:10, 64 
Gibb, J. A., 147
"gisela," 8, 8:18, 74, 140, 148; H 32:21; B&Mc 9:30 
Gloomy Underwing. See andrornedae 
Gonodontis bidentata, 157 
Graceful Underwing. See gracilis 
gracilis, 7:14, 7:17, 7:19, 7:20, 63, 88, 98, 115, 122, 128, 135, 152, 177, 186, 190, 192, 193; H 35:8; B&Mc 9:7 
grisatra, 8:19, 73
Grote, A. R., 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 
groteiana, 56; H 32:4 
grynea, 7:22, 69, 88, 98, 110, 135, 177, 188, 190, 192, 194, 196; H 35:06; B&Mc 9:16, 10:10 
Guenee, A., 5 
gynandromorph, 116, 200 
habilis, 8, 17,  1:8, 41, 88, 89, 98, 101, 102, 104, 111, 113, 128, 135, 149, 177, 183, 189, 191, 193, 195; H 33:11, 33:12; B&Mc 7:5 
habituation, 161 
Haiao, H. S., 96 
Hamilton, D. W., 89
Hawthorn Underwing. See crataegi 
"hero," 8:12, 74, 140, 148; B&Mc 9:23 
herodias, 4, 6:10, 64; B&Mc 8:10 
"hesperis," 7:19, 63, 152 
"hesseli," 6:359, 152
Hessel, S. A., x, xi, 22, 24, 28, 30, 32, 34, 36, 41,  59, 78, 79, 101,103, 138, 193 
"hilli," 59, 111 
"hinda," 8, 37; H 33:10 
hindwing groups, 175-79
"hiseri," 72; B&Mc 9:6
Holland, W. J., ix, xii, 10, 81, 83, 95, 143, 151 
Horton, C., 66 
Howe, W. H., 30 
Hulst, G. D., 8, 9
Humphries, D. A., 149, 150, 161, 173 
Hunter, M. W., III, 163 
hybrid, 23, 29, 112, 114, 115, 200 
ilia, 4, 16, 4:5, 4:6, 4:7, 4:8, 53 , 88, 89, 90, 98, 104, 111, 127, 128, 149, 150, 152, 157, 171, 177, 178, 185, 189, 191, 193, 195, 197, 198; H 34:7, 34:14, 34:17; B&Mc 6:4, 6:5, 6:6, 6:7
illecta, 7:2, 60B&Mc 7:13
Inconsolable Underwing. See insolabilis 
infrasubspecific variation, xiii, 200 
innubens, xiii, 3, 8, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 37, 98, 177, 191, 193; H 33:9, 33:10, 33:13; B&Mc 7:9, 7:10, 7:11
insolabilis, 3, 2:7, 43, 49, 78, 91, 195; H 31:10; B&Mc 1:7, 1:8
instars, 123, 201 
intergrade, 113, 116 
intersex, 116, 201 
irene, 4 
"isabella," 72; B&Mc 10:8 
isolating mechanisms, 77, 133-37, 201 
jair, 8:26, 8:27, 75; B&Mc 9:10, 9:20 
jaquenetta, 68, 74; B&Mc 9:25 
Jones, F. M., 143 
judith, 4, 9, 1:9, 42, 44, 79, 88, 89, 98, 177, 178, 184, 189, 191, 193, 195, 198; H 32:2; B&Mc 1:15 
"julietta," 58 
junctura, 6:1, 58; B&Mc 8:6, 8:7 
Kamil, A. C., 163
Keiper, R. R., xi, 36, 138, 143 
Kellogg, C. G., x, xi, 26, 28, 32, 36, 87, 97, 115, 191,195, 196, 197 
Kettlewell, H. B. D., 144, 153 
Kimball, C. P., 60 
King, E. W., 84 
Kirby, W., 95 
Klots, A. B., 157 
"krombeini," 57, 152 
lacrymosa, 3, 4, 16, 3:5, 3:6, 3:7, 43, 51, 78, 112, 115, 149, 195, 196; H 31:6, 31:9, 31:12; B&Mc 2:1, 2:2, 2:3, 2:4, 2:5, 2:7 
larvae, 118, 122, 123-24, 125, 126, 127, 134-36 
late flyers, 44, 45, 51, 87, 91 
Lees, D. R., 157 
Lemmer, F., 30, 152 
'lemmeri," 7:20, 63
Leverett, Mass., x, 85, 87, 89, 97, 98, 99, 100, 156, 165, 175, 179, 183-90 
levettei, 9 
light trap, 85, 92, 95-97 
lineella, 75; H 32:19 
Lingsley, E.G., 133 
Lithophanini, 121
Little Bride, The. See micronympha 
Little Nymph, The. See micronympha 
Little Underwing. See minuta 
Little Wife, The. See muliercula 
"1olita," 8:21, 74, 152 
longevity, 137, 138, 149 
louiseae, 7:18, 63 
"lucetta," 2:6, 45; H 31:11B&Mc 2:15
"lucinda,"  6:12, 66, 172, 174, 198; H 33:7B&Mc 7:17
"luctuosa," 3:2, 48; H 31:8; B&Mc 2:19; 2:20
McDunnough, J., ix, xiii, 10, 33, 34, 36, 41, 46, 62, 151, 183 
McFarland, S. U., 129 
Mach band hypothesis, 96 
MacSwain, J. W., 133 
maestosa, 8, 2:12, 50, 76, 78; H 31:15; B&Mc 1:20 
Magdalen Underwing. See illecta 
Maguire, B., 32
Marbled Underwing. See marmorata 
mark-release-recapture study, 138, 150
marmorata, 5:355, 78; H 35:9; B&Mc 3:19 
Marshall, G. A. K., 162 
Masters, J. H., xiii 
Mather, B., 78 
mating, 54, 127-31,130, 136-37, 153, 162
Mayr, E., 79 
melanism, xiii, 151-57, 201 
"melanotica," 75 
"mellitula," 8:13, 72; B&Mc 9:3 
meskei, 5:4, 57, 152, 177; H 33:6; B&Mc 4:8 
messalina, 4, 7:8, 62; H 36:1; B&Mc 10:20 
"metalomus," 7:16, 62 
metamorphosis, 121 
Meyer, J. H., 127
Michigan State University, 196 
micronympha, 8, 8:9, 8:12, 8:15, 8:18, 8:21, 74, 88, 98, 140, 148, 152, 177, 188, 190, 192, 194; H 32:21, 35:4; B&Mc 9:22, 9:23, 9:24, 9:25, 9:26, 9:27, 9:28, 9:29, 9:30 
"mildredae," 53, 152 
Miller, W. A., xi, 36 
minuta, 8:7, 8:10, 8:13, 8:16, 72, 152; H 32:17; B&Mc 9:1, 9:2, 9:3, 9:4, 9:5, 9:6 
mira, 8:2, 68, 88, 98, 177, 187, 190, 192, 194; H 34:13, 35:5; B&Mc 10:2, 10:3 
miranda, 7, 1:12, 42, 65, 195; B&Mc 8:21, 8:22
"missouriensis," 2:4, 44 
"moderna," 8, 50 
Monk, J. H., 147 
Moody, P. E., 196 
Moore, T. E., 133 
mopsa, 66; H 33:7
Morin, K. L., 129
Moth Book, The, ix, xii, 10, 34, 81, 83, 95, 143, 151 
Mother Underwing. See parta 
Mourning Underwing. See flebilis 
muliercula, 1:4, 39; H 32:11; B&Mc 7:24 
Muller, J., 18, 36, 66, 152 
"multoconspicua," 39 
Nabokov, V., 84 
Nacophora quernaria, 156 
National Academy, xi 
nebulosa, 4:1, 52; H 33:16; B&Mc 6:17 
neogama, 3, 4:3, 4:4, 53, 88, 98, 135, 152, 177, 185, 189, 191,193; H 36:5; B&Mc 6:10, 6:11, 6:12 
"nerissa," 7, 75; H 32:20; B&Mc 8:20 
Newman, E., 
new names, xiii,  59, 63, 74
Nielsen, M. C., xi, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 36, 91, 113, 115, 195, 196, 197 
"nigrescens," 4, 6:13, 66, 152, 174 
nomenclature, xiii, 8, 36, 201 
"normani,"  4:8,  53
Norris, M. J., 84 
novelty, 148, 161, 173, 201 
nuptialis, 7:6, 61 
"nurus,"  59 
Nymphalis antiopa, 121 
"obliterata," 8:16, 72, 152; B&Mc 9:5 
obscura, 2:1, 46, 78, 88, 98, 101, 102, 135, 177, 184, 189, 191, 193; B&Mc 2:17 
Old Maid, The. See coelebs
Oldwife Underwing. See palaeogama 
Once-Married Underwing. See unijuga
orba, 65; B&Mc 8:21 
osculata, 53; H 34:7 
"ouwah," 74; B&Mc 9:29
Owen, D. F., xi, 84, 91, 157, 175 
Paine, J. B., Jr., xi, 20, 32, 195
palaeogama, 3:9, 3:10, 3:11, 3:12, 51, 88, 89, 98, 100, 101, 102, 104, 112, 115, 128, 131, 149, 152, 177, 185, 189, 191, 193, 196; H 36:3, 36:4; B&Mc 6:18; 6:19; 6:20 
palatability, 143, 173 
Panthea furcilla, 156, 157 
Papilio glaucus, 133 
parta, 3, 5:11, 5:12, 56, 98, 149, 152, 177, 186, 189, 191,193; H 34:11; B&Mc 3:14 
"parvula," 8:10, 72; B&Mc 9:2 
"paulina" 16, 3:7, 51, 195; H 31:12; B&Mc 2:4 
Payne, J. A., 84
Peabody Museum of Natural History, xi,  18, 20, 22, 26, 28, 30, 32, 66, 195, 196, 201 
Pease, R. W., Jr., 18
Peattie, D.C., 1, 107, 109, 117 
Penitent Underwing. See piatrix 
"peramans," 39 
"perplexa," 56 
"petulans," 56 
"phalanga," 3:11, 51; H 36:4; B&Mc 6:19 
pheromone, 134, 137, 201 
Phigalia titea, 156 
"phoebe," 40a 40b
"phrynia," 7,  54, 155, 197; B&Mc 1:10 
piatrix, 3, 1:14, 37, 88, 98, 177, 183, 189, 191, 193; H 36:6; B&Mc 6:2, 6:3 
Pink Underwing. See concumbens 
Pittsburgh, Penn., 153 
Platt, A. P., 91
Plum Tree Underwing. See ultronia 
pm line, 35, 202 
polygama, 68; H 34:13 
polymorphism, 77, 109, 111,131, 148, 149, 153, 202 
Poulton, E. B., 162
praeclara, 7:23, 69, 88, 98, 135, 177, 188, 190, 192, 194; B&Mc 9:32 
predation, 143, 147-51,153, 157, 161-81
pretiosa, 8:4, 66, 67, 196; B&Mc 10:4 
Prince, S. F., 10 
progressive darkening, 156 
protean behavior, 149, 161, 173, 202 
"pulverulenta," 8:14, 73, 156 
pupa, 118, 123, 125, 202 
Rabinowitch, V., 148 
range changes, 41, 45, 48, 55, 73, 78-79 
Rau, P., 136 
Reiff, W., 20, 152 
relicta, 3, 16, 4:9, 4:10, 4:11, 4:12, 54, 80, 87, 88, 89, 98, 118, 123, 124, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131,132, 136, 139, 143, 144, 145, 146, 155, 162, 177, 185, 189, 191,193, 195, 196, 197; H 32:6, 32:7; B&Mc 1:9, 1:10, 1:11, 1:12, 1:13 
Relict, The. See relicta 
Remington, C. L., xi, 22, 36, 201 
Remington, J. E., 7 
Remington, P.S., 22, 28 
reniform, 35, 202
residua, 2:2, 46, 88, 89, 98, 101, 135, 170, 177, 184, 189, 191, 193, 197; H 31:14; B&Mc 2:18 
retecta, 17, 3:1, 3:2, 48, 86, 88, 98, 101,102, 127, 128, 134, 135, 136, 146, 149, 170, 171, 172, 177, 184, 189, 191,193, 195, 197, 198; H 31:8; B&Mc 2:11; 2:19, 2:20 
Riddiford, L. M., 134 
Robinson, C. T., 5 
Robinson, H. S., 96, 202 
robinsoni, 8, 2:3, 2:4, 43, 44, 195; H 31:7; B&Mc 2:9, 2:10 
Robinson, P. J. M., 96, 202
Robinson trap, 85, 86, 92, 95-98, 100, 101,111,165, 167, 169, 183, 191, 193, 202 
Royarea, T., 147 
Ruiter, L. de, 147
"ruperti," 5:2, 54, 152, 154, 197 
Russell, W. M. S., 149 
sancta, 73 
sappho, 4, 2:11, 47, 78; H 31:7; B&Mc 1:14 
Sargent, K. A., xi
Sargent, T. D., 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 32, 34, 39, 41, 54, 66, 87, 97, 129, 131, 138, 143, 144, 152, 156, 157, 161, 162, 175, 195, 196, 197, 198 
Sasko, V. G., 30 
"satanas,"  4:7,  53, 152 
scarlet tanager, 167
Scarlet Underwing. See coccinata 
Schneider, D., 133 
Schwarz, E., 70, 152
Schweitzer, D. F., xi, 18, 26, 32, 36, 66, 91,195, 196, 197, 198 
"scintillans," xiii, 1:2, 37; H 33:9; B&Mc 7:11 
searching image, 136, 147-51, 202 
seasonal occurrence, 34, 116, 134-35, 179, 181 
Seitz, A., 33 
"selecta,"  6:6, 59; H 32:12; B&Mc 3:12 
semirelicta, 5:9, 5:10, 57; B&Mc 4:2 
serena, 1:10, 41, 79, 98, 100, 135, 177, 193; H 33:14; B&Mc 7:6 
Serene Underwing. See serena 
Sevastopulo, D. G., xiii 
sex ratio, 89, 90, 91, 150, 202 
sexual intergrade, 113 
sexual mosaic, 116
Shorey, H. H., 129, 131, 136
similis, 8, 8:20, 72, 88, 89, 128, 177, 188, 190, 192, 194; H 35:2, 35:3; B&Mc 10:6; 10:7; 10:8 
sinuosa, 8, 65; B&Mc 3:18
Sleepy Underwing. See concumbens 
Smyth, E. A., 78
Snyder, A. J., 78 
Sokolov, E. N,, 149, 173 
somatic mosaic, 104, 116, 202 
sordida, 7:12, 7:13, 7:15, 7:16, 62, 88, 98, 115, 152, 177, 186, 190, 191, 193; H 35:7; B&Mc 9:8, 9:9 
"sorsconi,"   1:13, 38
Sower, L. L., 136 
speciation, 77-79, 202 
specific searching image. See searching image 
Spence, W., 95 
Spieth, H. T., 133 
"sport." See aberration 
startle effect, 161, 167, 169, 173, 175, 179 
status, 34 
Steiner, L. F., 89 
st line, 35, 202
Strecker, F. H. H., 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 60, 107 
subnata, 4:2, 52, 98, 135, 177, 185, 189, 191, 193; H 33:15; B&Mc 6:15; 6:16 
subreniform, 35, 202 
"subviridis," 47; B&Mc 1:6
"suffusa," 8:24, 75; B&Mc 9:15
sugaring, 83-87, 86, 203 
Sweet-fern Underwing. See antinympha 
Sweetheart, The. See areatrix 
Swynnerton, C. F. M., 162 
Talbot, G., 162 
tapping, 89, 203
Tearful Underwing. See lacrymosa 
Thoreau, H. D., 5, 103
Thorn Underwing. See crataegi 
Tietz, H. M., 34 
"timandra," 74 
Tinbergen, L., 147
Tiny Nymph Underwing. See micronympha 
Tippo, O., xi 
titania, 4, 7:9, 70; B&Mc 8:19, 9:34 
tristis, 64; B&Mc 1:18 
ulalume, 3:4, 48, 78; B&Mc 2:6 
ultronia, 4, 6:9, 6:11, 6:12, 6:13, 66, 88, 90, 92, 98, 102, 127, 128, 131, 149, 152, 156, 158, 172, 174, 177, 187, 190, 192, 194, 198; H 33:2, 33:4, 33:7; B&Mc 7:17 7:18; 7:19; 7:20
"umbrosa,"  53; H 34:14; B&Mc 6:4
unijuga,  5:5, 55, 88, 89, 98, 111,127, 128, 131, 152, 170, 177, 185, 189, 191, 193, 197; H 33:5; B&Mc 1:19, 4:6, 4:7, 8:23 
United States National Museum, xi, 18, 26, 28, 30, 32, 195, 196, 203 
University of Massachusetts Foundation, xi
Urquhart, F. A., 121
uxor, 53; H 34:17
Vermes, H. J., xi 
vidua, xiv, 3, 2:10, 50, 177, 193; H 31:5; B&Mc 1:17 
viduata, 50; H 31:15 
Villiard, P., 3 
voltinism, 39, 40, 125 
Walker, F., 5 warning coloration, 156, 163, 173 
Washington, Conn., x, 97, 98, 99, 100, 102, 103, 193-94 
Wayward Nymph, The. See antinympha
wear, 150
"westcotti," 61; B&Mc 8:18 
West Hatfield, Mass., x, 97, 98, 99, 100, 115, 191-92 
white-breasted nuthatch, 169
White Underwing. See fraxini and relicta 
whitneyi, 7:7, 61 
Widow, The. See vidua 
Wife, The. See ilia 
Wigglesworth, V. B., 121 
Wilhelm, H. P., 20 
Wilkinson, R. S., 7, 78 
Williams, C. B., 89, 121 
Williams, C. M., 134 
Wilson, E. O., 133 
winter moths, 121
Wonderful Underwing. See mira 
Wyman, L. C., 95 
Yellow-banded Underwing. See cerogama 
Yellow-gray Underwing. See retecta "luctuosa" 
Young, F. N., 133
Youthful Underwing. See subnata 
Zeissig collection, 78 
"zelica," 16, 3:5, 51; B&Mc 2:2